The Emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is a large penguin, standing over 1 meter tall, with distinctive black, yellow and white markings. Like most penguins, the emperor penguins are indigenous to Antarctica and exist between the 66th and 78th parallels. Famous for its unique social and reproductive behavior, the emperor penguin also possesses a number of other notable evolutionary qualities: its stature, its feathers, its incubation process, and its swimming capabilities. The Aptenodytes forsteri genome offers new insights into this remarkable bird.
Read the peer-reviewed publication(s):
Zhang, G., Li, B., Li, C., Gilbert, M. T. P., Jarvis, E. D., & Wang, J. (2014). Comparative genomic data of the Avian Phylogenomics Project. GigaScience, 3(1). doi:10.1186/2047-217x-3-26
Li, C., Zhang, Y., Li, J., Kong, L., Hu, H., Pan, H., … Zhang, G. (2014). Two Antarctic penguin genomes reveal insights into their evolutionary history and molecular changes related to the Antarctic environment. GigaScience, 3(1). doi:10.1186/2047-217x-3-27
Zhang, G., Li, C., Li, Q., Li, B., Larkin, D. M., Lee, C., … Meredith, R. W. (2014). Comparative genomics reveals insights into avian genome evolution and adaptation. Science, 346(6215), 1311–1320. doi:10.1126/science.1251385
Jarvis, E. D., Mirarab, S., Aberer, A. J., Li, B., Houde, P., Li, C., … Howard, J. T. (2014). Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215), 1320–1331. doi:10.1126/science.1253451