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Data released on November 12, 2011

Genomic data from an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo.

Albrechtsen, A; Bertalan, M; Binladen, J; Bunce, M; Campos, P, F; Chen, M; Gilbert, M, P; Gledhill, A; Guo, X; Gupta, R; Kamp, H, M; Kivisild, T; Li, Y; Li, Z; Lindgreen, S; Lorenzen, E, D; Metspalu, E; Metspalu, M; Moltke, I; Nielsen, K; Pedersen, J, S; Raghavan, M; Rasmussen, M; Tridico, S; Wang, Y; Wilson, A, S; Zhang, H; Zhang, X; Zhao, J; Bak, M; Kristiansen, K; Orlando, L; Tommerup, N; Bendixen, C; Gronnow, B; Pierre, T, L; Meldgaard, M; Andreasen, C; Fedorova, S, A; Osipova, L, P; Higham, T, F; Ramsey, C, B; Hansen, T, V; Nielsen, F, C; Crawford, M, H; Brunak, S; Sicheritz-Ponten, T; Villems, R; Nielsen, R; Krogh, A; Wang, J; Willerslev, E (2011): Genomic data from an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo. GigaScience. RIS BibTeX Text

Available here is the genome of a male individual from an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo culture, the first known group of Homo sapiens to settle in Greenland. The DNA sample was obtained from ~4,000-year-old permafrost-preserved hair, and was shown to have very low modern DNA contamination. The diploid genome was sequenced to an average depth of 20x using Illumina GAII sequencing platforms, with 79% recovery. Correct indexed reads were mapped to the human genome (hg18) with a suffix array-based method that allows for residual primer trimming. Sequencing yielded a total of 3.5 billion reads.

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Related manuscripts:

doi:10.1038/nature08835 (PubMed: 20148029)

Accessions (data included in GigaDB):

SRA: SRP001453
BioProject: PRJNA46213


Samples: Table Settings


Common Name
Scienfic Name
Sample Attributes
Taxonomic ID
Genbank Name

Sample IDTaxonomic IDCommon NameGenbank NameScientific NameSample Attributes
SRS0080909606HumanhumanHomo sapiens Geographic location (country and/or sea,region):Gr...
Description:ancient human hair tufts excavated dir...
Sample age:4100-3900
Displaying 1-1 of 1 Sample(s).

Files: (FTP site) Table Settings


File Description
Sample ID
File Type
File Format
Release Date
Download Link
File Attributes

File NameSample IDFile TypeFile FormatSizeRelease Date 
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ571.81 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ598.86 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ1.04 GB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ1.01 GB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ1.01 GB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ1.02 GB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ916.85 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ961.19 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ898.45 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ872.25 MB2011-11-12
Displaying 1-10 of 324 File(s).

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