Available here is the genome of a male individual from an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo culture, the first known group of Homo sapiens to settle in Greenland. The DNA sample was obtained from ~4,000-year-old permafrost-preserved hair, and was shown to have very low modern DNA contamination. The diploid genome was sequenced to an average depth of 20x using Illumina GAII sequencing platforms, with 79% recovery. Correct indexed reads were mapped to the human genome (hg18) with a suffix array-based method that allows for residual primer trimming. Sequencing yielded a total of 3.5 billion reads.

Additional details

Read the peer-reviewed publication(s):

Rasmussen, M., Li, Y., Lindgreen, S., Pedersen, J. S., Albrechtsen, A., Moltke, I., … Gupta, R. (2010). Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo. Nature, 463(7282), 757–762. doi:10.1038/nature08835 (PubMed: 20148029)

Accessions (data generated as part of this study):

SRA: SRP001453
BioProject: PRJNA46213

Sample IDTaxonomic IDCommon NameGenbank NameScientific NameSample Attributes
SRS0080909606HumanhumanHomo sapiens Geographic location (country and/or sea,region):Gr...
Description:ancient human hair tufts excavated dir...
Sample age:4100-3900
Displaying 1-1 of 1 Sample(s).

File NameSample IDData TypeFile FormatSizeRelease Date 
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ571.81 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ598.86 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ1.04 GB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ1.01 GB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ1.01 GB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ1.02 GB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ916.85 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ961.19 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ898.45 MB2011-11-12
SAMPLE:SRS008090Genome sequenceFASTQ872.25 MB2011-11-12
Displaying 1-10 of 324 File(s).
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