Genomic data from an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo.
Dataset type: Genomic
Data released on November 12, 2011
Rasmussen M; Li Y; Lindgreen S; Pedersen JS; Albrechtsen A; Moltke I; Metspalu M; Metspalu E; Kivisild T; Gupta R; Bertalan M; Nielsen K; Gilbert MTP; Wang Y; Raghavan M; Campos PF; Kamp HM; Wilson AS; Gledhill A; Tridico S; Bunce M; Lorenzen ED; Binladen J; Guo X; Zhao J; Zhang X; Zhang H; Li Z; Chen M; Orlando L; Kristiansen K; Bak M; Tommerup N; Bendixen C; Pierre TL; Gronnow B; Meldgaard M; Andreasen C; Fedorova SA; Osipova LP; Higham TFG; Ramsey CB; Hansen TVO; Nielsen FC; Crawford MH; Brunak S; Sicheritz-Ponten T; Villems R; Nielsen R; Krogh A; Wang J; Willerslev E (2011): Genomic data from an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo. GigaScience. http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100026
Available here is the genome of a male individual from an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo culture, the first known group of Homo sapiens to settle in Greenland. The DNA sample was obtained from ~4,000-year-old permafrost-preserved hair, and was shown to have very low modern DNA contamination. The diploid genome was sequenced to an average depth of 20x using Illumina GAII sequencing platforms, with 79% recovery. Correct indexed reads were mapped to the human genome (hg18) with a suffix array-based method that allows for residual primer trimming. Sequencing yielded a total of 3.5 billion reads.
Read the peer-reviewed publication(s):
Rasmussen, M., Li, Y., Lindgreen, S., Pedersen, J. S., Albrechtsen, A., Moltke, I., … Gupta, R. (2010). Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo. Nature, 463(7282), 757–762. doi:10.1038/nature08835
Accessions (data generated as part of this study):
|Sample ID||Taxonomic ID||Common Name||Genbank Name||Scientific Name||Sample Attributes|
|SRS008090||9606||Human||human||Homo sapiens|| Geographic location (country and/or sea,region):Gr...|
Description:ancient human hair tufts excavated dir...
... Geographic location (country and/or sea,region):Greenland, Saqqaq Culture site Qeqertasussuk, north-western Greenland
Description:ancient human hair tufts excavated directly from culturally deposited permafrozen sediments at Qeqertasussuk, Greenland