Data released on September 01, 2014
Background: Termitomyces is a genus of basidiomycete fungi domesticated by Macrotermitinae as food source and form obligate symbiosis with the termites. The fungal symbiont is thought to be the decomposer of lignocellulose, however, the exact function of the symbiont is still unclear.
Sampling: The homokaryotic strain of Termitomyces was obtained using a standard protoplasting procedure of a heterokaryon isolated from a colony of Macrotermes natalensis (Mn105) in Mookgophong, South Africa (S24°40’30.5” E28°47’50.4”, elevation 1045 m).
Finding: The fungus genome assembly yielded a size of 83.7Mb sequence, with a scaffold N50 of 262Kb, upon which 11,556 genes were annotated.
Poulsen, M., Hu, H., Li, C., Chen, Z., Xu, L., Otani, S., … Zhang, G. (2014). Complementary symbiont contributions to plant decomposition in a fungus-farming termite. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(40), 14500–14505. doi:10.1073/pnas.1319718111