Data released on February 28, 2014
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is one of the world's most consumed pulses. The Chickpea plant has finely divided leaves, giving it a feathery appearance. The pods are oblong (2 to 3 by 1 to 2 cm) and contain one or two beaked seeds which may be white, yellow, red, brown, or nearly black. They do well in a cool, dry climate and are grown in India as a winter crop.
The draft of the chickpea genome is based on genotype CDC Frontier, a Canadian kabuli chickpea variety.
DNA from the chickpea was collected and e sequenced the 0.74 Gb genome to a depth of approximately 207 x with short reads from a series of libraries with various insert sizes ( 170bp, 500bp, 800bp, 2kb, 5kb, 10kb and 20kb) on a HiSeq 2000 sequencer.
The assembled scaffolds of high quality sequences total 153 Gb, with the contig and scaffold N50 values of 645 kb and 39.9 Mb respectively. We identified 28,256 protein-coding genes with an mean coding length of 1,166 bp.
Varshney, R. K., Song, C., Saxena, R. K., Azam, S., Yu, S., Sharpe, A. G., … Cook, D. R. (2013). Draft genome sequence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) provides a resource for trait improvement. Nature Biotechnology, 31(3), 240–246. doi:10.1038/nbt.2491