Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is one of the world's most consumed pulses. The Chickpea plant has finely divided leaves, giving it a feathery appearance. The pods are oblong (2 to 3 by 1 to 2 cm) and contain one or two beaked seeds which may be white, yellow, red, brown, or nearly black. They do well in a cool, dry climate and are grown in India as a winter crop.
The draft of the chickpea genome is based on genotype CDC Frontier, a Canadian kabuli chickpea variety.

DNA from the chickpea was collected and e sequenced the 0.74 Gb genome to a depth of approximately 207 x with short reads from a series of libraries with various insert sizes ( 170bp, 500bp, 800bp, 2kb, 5kb, 10kb and 20kb) on a HiSeq 2000 sequencer.
The assembled scaffolds of high quality sequences total 153 Gb, with the contig and scaffold N50 values of 645 kb and 39.9 Mb respectively. We identified 28,256 protein-coding genes with an mean coding length of 1,166 bp.

Additional details

Read the peer-reviewed publication(s):

Varshney, R. K., Song, C., Saxena, R. K., Azam, S., Yu, S., Sharpe, A. G., … Cook, D. R. (2013). Draft genome sequence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) provides a resource for trait improvement. Nature Biotechnology, 31(3), 240–246. doi:10.1038/nbt.2491

Accessions (data generated as part of this study):

BioProject: PRJNA175619





Sample IDTaxonomic IDCommon NameGenbank NameScientific NameSample Attributes
Chickpea-CDC Frontier3827Cicer arietinumchickpeaCicer arietinum Cultivar:CDC Frontier
Geographic location (country and/or sea,region):no...
Geographic location (latitude and longitude):not r...
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Displaying 1-1 of 1 Sample(s).




File NameSample IDData TypeFile FormatSizeRelease Date 
Chickpea-CDC FrontierSequence assemblyFASTA512.89 MB2014-02-28
Chickpea-CDC FrontierCoding sequenceFASTA33.2 MB2014-02-28
Chickpea-CDC FrontierAnnotationGFF9.41 MB2014-02-28
Chickpea-CDC FrontierProtein sequenceFASTA12.54 MB2014-02-28
ReadmeTEXT0.51 KB2014-02-28
Displaying 1-5 of 5 File(s).
Date Action
October 14, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.gene.gff updated
October 15, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.gene.gff updated
October 15, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.fa updated
October 15, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.gene.cds.fa updated
October 15, 2015 File README.txt updated
October 30, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.gene.gff updated
October 30, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.fa updated
November 2, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.fa updated
November 3, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.fa updated
November 3, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.gene.pep.fa updated
November 3, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.fa updated
November 4, 2015 File Cicer_arietinum_GA_v1.0.gene.pep.fa updated
March 4, 2016 File readme.txt updated