Data released on July 04, 2014
Three species of elephant exist, the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and two species of African elephant (Loxodonta africana, Loxodonta cyclotis). Populations of all species are dwindling, and are under threat due to factors such as habitat destruction and ivory hunting. The two species differ in many respects, including in their morphology and response to disease. The availability of elephant genome sequence data from both species will complement studies of behaviour, genetic diversity, evolution and disease resistance.
We present low-coverage Illumina sequence data from two Asian elephants, representing approximately 5X and 2.5X coverage respectively. Both raw and aligned data are available, using the African elephant genome as a reference.
The data presented here are an important addition to the available genetic and genomic information on Asian and African elephants.