Pearl millet is a highly cross-pollinated diploid (2n=2x=14) C4 grass. It has high photosynthetic efficiency and biomass production potential. It is an important cereal cultivated as a staple food grain and source of straw for fodder and fuel in arid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. It is necessary to explore the pearl millet’s genome data to reveal its genetic features and improve the production.
In our project, a pearl millet genotype Tift 23D2B1-P1-P5 was chosen for sequencing on Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform. Using SOAP denovo we assembled ~1.79 Gb of pearl millet genome with N50 884.95 kb (for scaffolds greater than 1kb). A total of 38,579 genes models, as well as genome repeats and non-coding RNA elements were estimated based on the genome sequences. The genomic data of pearl millet will provide more resources and empower pearl millet crop breeding.
Read the peer-reviewed publication(s):
Varshney, R. K., Shi, C., Thudi, M., Mariac, C., Wallace, J., Qi, P., … Rathore, A. (2017). Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments. Nature Biotechnology, 35(10), 969–976. doi:10.1038/nbt.3943
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