Draft genome of European bison (wisent), Bison bonasus

Dataset type: Genomic
Data released on March 07, 2017

Wang K; Wang L; Lenstra JA; Jian J; Hu Q; Yang Y; Mi D; Qiu Q; Ma T; Abbot R; Liu J (2017): Draft genome of European bison (wisent), Bison bonasus GigaScience Database. http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100254


The wisent, also known as European bison, was rescued approximately 80 years ago from 12 founding individuals. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of a male wisent individual descended from this founding stock. A total of 366 billion base pairs (Gb) of raw reads from whole-genome sequencing of this wisent were generated using the Illumina HiSeq2000 platform. The final genome assembly (2.58 Gb), is composed of 29,074 scaffolds with an N50 of 4.7 Mb. 47.3% of the genome is composed of repetitive elements. We identified 21,542 genes and 58,385 non-coding RNAs. A phylogenetic tree based on nuclear genomes indicated sister relationships between bison and wisent and between the wisent-bison clade and yak. For 75 genes we obtained evidence of positive evolution in the wisent lineage. We provide the first genome sequence and gene annotation for the wisent. The availability of these resources will be of value for the future conservation of this endangered large mammal and for reconstructing the evolutionary history of the Bovini tribe.

Additional details

Read the peer-reviewed publication(s):

Sample IDTaxonomic IDCommon NameGenbank NameScientific NameSample Attributes
Bison bonasus19902wisentEuropean bisonBison bonasus Sex:male [PATO:0000384]
Alternative names:wisent, Bison bison bonasus, Eur...
Displaying 1-1 of 1 Sample(s).

File NameSample IDData TypeFile FormatSizeRelease Date 
alignmentMAF1.7 GB2017-03-07
Otherarchive429.64 MB2017-03-07
Otherarchive4.76 MB2017-03-07
ReadmeTEXT1.59 KB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1Genome sequenceFASTA667.73 MB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1Coding sequenceFASTA9.34 MB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1annotationGFF2.03 MB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1protein sequenceFASTA6.25 MB2017-03-07
AssemblyFASTA15.96 KB2017-03-07
Bison bonasus1annotationGFF5.55 MB2017-03-07
Displaying 1-10 of 12 File(s).
Funding body Awardee Award ID Comments
National Natural Science Foundation of China 91331102 Jianquan Liu
Youth Science and Technology Innovation Team of Sichuan Province 2014TD003 Jianquan Liu
Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China 2010DFA34610 Jianquan Liu
Date Action
March 7, 2017 Dataset publish
November 13, 2017 Manuscript Link added : 10.1093/gigascience/gix016