Data released on January 23, 2014
The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) is a top predator that has unique morphological, physiological and behavioural adaptations, allowing them to be successful hunters – it is also known as the world’s fastest animal.
The peregrine falcon genome was sequenced to further understand the evolutionary adaptation of this successful hunter. An Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform was used to generate a 128.07 Gb sequence and the initial genome size was estimated at 1.2 Gb, suggesting a genome coverage of 106.72X.
SOAPdenovo was used for assembly and resulted in scaffold and contig N50 values of 3.89 Mb and 28.6 kb respectively. Fosmid-based Sanger sequencing confirmed >99% coverage of euchromatic DNA. These data provide insights into evolution of the peregrine’s predatory lifestyle.
Zhan, X., Pan, S., Wang, J., Dixon, A., He, J., Muller, M. G., … Bruford, M. W. (2013). Peregrine and saker falcon genome sequences provide insights into evolution of a predatory lifestyle. Nature Genetics, 45(5), 563–566. doi:10.1038/ng.2588
Zhang, G., Li, B., Li, C., Gilbert, M. T. P., Jarvis, E. D., & Wang, J. (2014). Comparative genomic data of the Avian Phylogenomics Project. GigaScience, 3(1). doi:10.1186/2047-217x-3-26
Zhang, G., Li, C., Li, Q., Li, B., Larkin, D. M., Lee, C., … Meredith, R. W. (2014). Comparative genomics reveals insights into avian genome evolution and adaptation. Science, 346(6215), 1311–1320. doi:10.1126/science.1251385
Jarvis, E. D., Mirarab, S., Aberer, A. J., Li, B., Houde, P., Li, C., … Howard, J. T. (2014). Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215), 1320–1331. doi:10.1126/science.1253451